Colon Cancer With GastroMed Connect

What is colon cancer?

The colon is the last section of the gastrointestinal system where your body removes fluid and salt from stool. Cancer of the colon occurs when tumorous masses arise in the colon or rectum. These tumors begin as noncancerous growths known as colorectal polyps. Polyps are small clusters of cells that eventually can develop into colon tumors. Colorectal cancer is more common in older adults and is the second most common cancer discovered in both males and females combined.

It is critical to begin having colonoscopy screenings at age 45 and then as suggested by your gastroenterologist. To schedule a colorectal cancer screening in Kyle, TX, please contact a GastroMed Connect location near you.

What are the signs and risk factors of colorectal cancer?

Should you experience the initial signs of colon and rectal cancer, prompt intervention and the right type of care could help foster a positive outcome for your health. If you experience any of the following symptoms consistently, promptly schedule a visit with one of our Kyle, TX gastroenterologists:

  • A sense that your bowel does not empty fully
  • Constant urges to have a bowel movement
  • An abrupt alteration in bowel movements, including obstruction, diarrhea, or a change in the texture of your feces
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Bloody stool
  • Continual intestinal discomfort, like cramps, gas, or pain
  • Any of this list accompanied by weakness and fatigue

Some of the factors that may place a patient at greater risk for colorectal cancer are:

  • Age: Colon cancer is often diagnosed in patients who are over 50; although, the rates of colon and rectal cancer in young individuals have been growing.
  • Race: People of African-American descent have a higher risk of colon and rectal cancer compared to other races.
  • Family history: If you or a relative has had colorectal cancer or colon growths, you have a greater chance of developing colon and rectal cancer.
  • Inflammatory intestinal diseases: Persistent diseases, such as Crohn’s disease and colitis, can raise your risk of colon and rectal cancer.
  • “Typical Western Diet”: Colorectal cancer has been linked with a reduced fiber, enhanced fat, and high-calorie diet.

Survival rates for colon cancer

Colon cancer survival rates are broken into stages and are assigned based on the extent the disease has spread upon diagnosis. Limited colon cancer is cancer that is strictly in the colon. Regional colon cancer is when the disease moves to adjacent cells and organs. Distant colon cancer is when the cancer has spread to remote parts of the body.

  • Localized colon cancer: 90% 5-year survival rate
  • Regional colon cancer: 71% 5-year survival rate
  • Distant colon cancer: 14% 5-year survival rate

If the disease is found ahead of time and simply appears in a few malignant growths, then the polyps can be excised, leading to high rates of survival.

We recommend obtaining a colonoscopy when you turn 45 years of age to detect cancer quickly. If colon cancer is present in your family, then we advise getting a screening for colorectal cancer at GastroMed Connect promptly.

What are the possible treatments for colon cancer?

Treatment approaches for colon cancer in Kyle, TX individuals can vary based on the stage of the cancer. Every circumstance is different, but the foremost thing you can do for colon cancer is to prevent it.

Prevention

Colon cancer is a unique type of cancer, considering it is preventable. Colorectal cancer first appears in the form of polyps. These tumors can be extracted, which lowers your risk of passing away from cancer by 90%. Your particular risk and prevention steps can be identified during a colorectal cancer screening with your gastroenterologist.

Stage 0 Colon Cancer Treatment

Stage 0 colorectal cancer is when the cancer has not advanced further than the inner lining of the colon. If the tumor is small enough, it can be freely eliminated with a colonoscope while undergoing a colonoscopy.

Stage I Colon Cancer Treatment

No additional therapy may be needed if the growth is thoroughly withdrawn while undergoing a colonoscopy with no cancerous tissues at the extremities. If the removed growth does possess cancerous cells at the edges, further surgery could be necessary to remove the remaining malignant tissue. For cancers not in a polyp, a partial colectomy might be necessary to remove the affected portion of the colon and neighboring cancerous lymph nodes.

Stage II Colon Cancer Treatment

Usually, in stage 2, surgery is executed to extract the portion of the colon or neighboring lymph nodes that are cancerous. At times, physicians will also suggest adjuvant chemotherapy (chemo following surgery).

Stage III Colon Cancer Treatment

Having a partial colectomy, followed by adjuvant chemotherapy, is the conventional treatment approach for this phase of colorectal cancer.

Stage IV Colon Cancer Treatment

This stage of cancer usually means that the cancer has moved to other tissues or body parts. Surgery might be necessary to eliminate areas of the cancer established in the colon and additional organs, in addition to chemotherapy. Chemotherapy at this phase is typically provided before and following surgery.