Colorectal Polyps With GastroMed Connect

What are colorectal polyps?

Colorectal polyps, occasionally known as colon polyps, are a common occurrence among patients. The word “colorectal” references the colon and the rectum. Many health conditions which affect the colon also include the rectum, which is why they are usually spoken of together. A colorectal polyp is a polyp that presents in either the rectum or the colon. A colorectal polyp is a mass consisting of a clump of cells on the lining of your rectum or colon.

Polyps on their own are typically harmless and most often don’t cause symptoms; however, colon and rectal polyps need to be addressed since they can, over time, present as cancerous. To confirm a suspicion of colon polyps, the gastrointestinal specialists at GastroMed Connect commonly provide colonoscopy procedures. Please call to request a colonoscopy in Kyle, TX.

What are the causes of colorectal polyps?

Colon polyps occur when cells experience more division or growth than what is normal. The medical community is still unclear as to the reasons this happens, regardless, there are connections and risk factors that are common among individuals who live with colon or rectal polyps.

Some of the risk factors for rectal polyps are:

  • Heavy alcohol consumption
  • Being over 45 years of age
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Having a history or family history of colorectal polyps
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Crohn’s disease
  • “Typical Western diet” (low fiber, high fat)
  • Being overweight
  • Tobacco use

Hereditary genetic conditions can increase an individual’s risk of experiencing colorectal polyps. Those conditions could include:

  • Serrated polyposis syndrome
  • MYH-associated polyposis (MAP)
  • Lynch syndrome
  • Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
  • Gardner’s syndrome
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)

To speak with a GI specialist in Kyle, TX to determine if you are at risk for colorectal polyps, contact a GastroMed Connect location in your community to request a consultation.

What are common symptoms of colon and rectal polyps?

Frequently, cases of colon or rectal polyps will not manifest with symptoms. If symptoms are present, some of the most prevalent symptoms of colon polyps include:

  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Diarrhea (lasting longer than seven days)
  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Blood in the stool
  • Abdominal pain
  • Exhaustion
  • Constipation

If you are experiencing any of the listed symptoms, are 45 years of age or greater, or have a family history of colorectal polyps or colon cancer and are in the Kyle, TX area, please reach out to us about colon cancer screenings.

What if polyps are identified during a colonoscopy?

It is common to find polyps during a colonoscopy and, many times, polyps are not cancerous (benign). Polyps discovered in a colonoscopy will, quite often, be removed during the colonoscopy (polypectomy) and tested for cancer. If your colorectal polyps are found to be non-cancerous, then your provider will likely advise regular screenings for colorectal cancer in the future. If any polyp is diagnosed as malignant (cancerous), you and your GastroMed Connect provider will discuss the appropriate steps moving forward.

The most common approach to treating colon or rectal polyps is to excise them. During a colonoscopy (or flexible sigmoidoscopy), polyps in your rectum and colon can be removed in conjunction with the procedure. This is referred to as a polypectomy. In more serious situations, a portion (or the entirety) of your rectum or colon may need to be removed.